Value Chain climate impact
Tetra Pak operations climate impact
Tetra Pak operations energy use
Ozone depleting substances
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
Packaging material production waste
Management of operational waste
Corporate water use
Water use by source
The data presented in this section covers the raw materials used to produce our carton packages, including laminates, closures, straws, strips and film. The chart shows the relative proportions of each type of raw material that go into our packages.
The number of FSC-labelled packages we deliver to our customers has been steadily growing since 2007, when we launched the first FSC-labelled beverage carton.
Our 2020 climate goal is to cap greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the value chain at 2010 levels while continuing to grow our business.
Our biggest single climate impact results from energy consumption in our own operations and elsewhere in the value chain. Almost 90% of the GHG emissions in our value chain come from the production of the packaging raw materials that we purchase from our suppliers, and from the running of the processing and packaging equipment that we sell to our customers.
Breakdown of total value chain emission according to GHG Protocol’s scopes is presented in the table below. Scope 3 results per category can be viewed on Tetra Pak’s CDP Climate disclosure.
*Based on Market based Scope 2 accounting methodology. Location based 2018 scope 2 result was 336 ktonnes CO2e. **Includes following Scope 3 Categories: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 11, and 12. ***Emission reduction is calculated by comparing the absolute value chain emissions to previous year and to 2010 (which is the baseline year for our 2020 climate goal). To read more about our GHG accounting methodology please see Measuring and reporting.
Our operations climate impact comprises of both Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions. Scope 1 includes direct emissions from our own operations, including fuel consumption, the use of refrigerants and solvents. Scope 2 includes indirect emissions related to purchased electricity, heat, steam or cooling. Our Scope 2 total for 2018 was calculated using the "market based" methodology. This means that we have used supplier-specific emission rates where available, in line with the GHG Protocol Scope 2
Quality Criteria, and that our results reflect the use of renewable electricity at our sites. Along with achieving a reduction in our value chain emissions, we have also reduced our Scope 1 and 2 emissions.
In 2018 our scope 1+2 emissions reduced 7% compared to year 2017 and we made good progress towards our science based 2030 and 2040 emission reduction goals. The main drivers to reduce emissions have been actions to further improve energy efficiency of our sites as well as increased use of renewable electricity run our operations. The main contributor to our scope 1+2 emission is purchased electricity to our sites (71%).
We monitor the emission intensity of our packaging material operations by measuring generated Scope 1+2 emission per produced million standard packages.
The energy use reported includes purchased and on-site generated electricity, the use of fossil fuels such as natural gas and district heating (hot water/steam). Electricity is the main source of power for our operations. Fuels are used both for heating and for process-specific purposes such as drying printing inks. The charts depict the total energy consumption across our operations around the world. Energy use has remained relatively stable, despite increases in production. Our converting factories consumed 76% of the total energy used across our operations in 2018.
Purchased electricity is the main energy source used in our operations. Of the electricity that we consume 55% came from renewable sources in 2018.
We monitor the energy intensity of our packaging material operations by measuring the energy used to produce a million standard packages. As shown in the chart below, this indicator has remained stable in recent years with no major fluctuations.
Emissions from ozone depleting substances result from CFC/HCFC leakages. Tetra Pak policy is to replace CFC, halon and all other substances with high ozone depleting potential with alternative substances that have a lower environmental impact. Since implementing this policy our emissions from ozone depleting substances have dropped to marginal levels.
VOC emissions arise mainly from solvents used in printing inks and, to some extent, from printing plate production. The data below represents total VOC emissions to air, after abatement equipment.
The graph below shows our VOC emissions per million standard packages produced.
Material waste is measured as the difference between raw material consumed and the packaging material produced. The material waste rate is the factory weighted average waste percentage. The figure below shows the steady reduction of packaging material waste over the years.
Waste handling by destination graph
Reported waste covers the handling of all solid waste produced in our production and equipment assembly sites, including production waste and any other types of waste from sites. The chart shows the proportions of waste that is recycled, incinerated either with or without energy recovery, and send to landfill.
The data in this section depicts total water withdrawal across the Tetra Pak sites. The amount of water we use is modest; nevertheless, we seek to minimize usage as far as possible. Our converting factories account for the largest percentage of water use, followed by those operations that assemble machines and equipment.
In much the same way as we measure energy intensity, we monitor the water used in our carton packaging production sites per million standard packages.
Tetra Pak goes well beyond legal requirements and applies international environmental standards to ensure that environmental issues and impacts are managed in a systematic way. Certification status at the end of 2018 at our manufacturing sites:
ISO 14001: 98% of our factories were certified according to the ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems standard with certification in progress for the remaining 2%.
OHSAS 18001: In 2018, we retained 100% manufacturing site compliance with the global OHS standard OHSAS 18001.
ISO 50001: Our first 5 factories are also certified according to ISO 50001 Energy Management Systems standard.
We collect recycling data from all markets we operate worldwide. Reported used beverage carton (BC) recycling rate is based on the share of BC collected and sent for recycling. We use BC recycling information from public sources when available (e.g. The Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment, Packaging Recovery Organizations, etc) and also consolidate an internal reporting with inputs from our local recycling teams to make sure to have the broadest possible set of data.
Questions about our Environmental Performance data?