Raw material use per main base material

The data presented in this section covers the raw materials used to produce our carton packages, including laminates, closures, straws, strips and film. The chart shows the relative proportions of each type of raw material that go into our packages.
Raw material use per main base material

Packaging raw material use by weight (GRI 301-1)

FSC-labelled packages

The number of FSC-labelled packages we deliver to our customers has been steadily growing since 2007, when we launched the first FSC-labelled carton package.


GHG emissions across the value chain

Our biggest single climate impact results from energy consumption in our own operations and elsewhere in the value chain. 90% of the GHG emissions in our value chain come from the production of the packaging raw materials that we purchase from our suppliers, and from the running of the processing and packaging equipment that we sell to our customers. To read more about our approach to climate accounting please visit Measuring and reporting and A value chain approach - measuring our progress.

GHG emissions across the value chain

Breakdown of our value chain climate impact

Breakdown of total value chain emission according to GHG Protocol’s scopes is presented in the table above. Emission reduction is calculated by comparing the absolute value chain emissions to 2010 (which was the baseline year for our 2020 climate goal). Our scope 1 and 2 GHG accounts have been audited by an independent third party since 2006 and our scope 3 accounts since 2013. Our 2020 GHG inventory for scope 1, 2 and 3 and the changes to the 2010 baseline inventory where independently verified, with a limited level of assurance, by Guidehouse according to ISO 14064-3:2018.

Footnotes for the table:

*Based on market-based Scope 2 accounting methodology.
**Includes following Scope 3 Categories: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 11, and 12.

Tetra Pak operations climate impact

Our operations climate impact comprises of both Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions. Scope 1 includes direct emissions from our own operations, including fuel consumption, the use of refrigerants and solvents. Scope 2 includes indirect emissions related to purchased electricity, heat, steam or cooling. Our Scope 2 total for 2020 was calculated using the “market-based” methodology. This means that we have used supplier-specific emission rates where available, in line with the GHG Protocol Scope 2 Quality Criteria. The main drivers to reduce emissions have been actions to further improve energy efficiency at our sites as well as increased use of renewable electricity. The main contributor to our Scope 1+2 emissions is purchased electricity to our sites (48%).
GHG emissions (scope 1 + 2)

GHG emissions per emission source (scope 1+2)

GHG emission intensity in packaging material production (scope 1+2) (GRI 305-4)

We monitor the emission intensity of our packaging material operations by measuring generated Scope 1+2 emission per produced million standard packages.

Tetra Pak operations energy use

The energy use reported includes purchased and on-site generated electricity, the use of fossil fuels such as natural gas and district heating (hot water/steam). Electricity is the main source of power for our operations. Fuels are used both for heating and for process-specific purposes such as drying printing inks. The charts depict the total energy consumption across our operations around the world. Energy use has remained relatively stable, despite increases in production. Our packaging material converting factories are the most energy intensive operations and they consumed 76% of the total energy used across our operations in 2020.
Energy use (GRI 302-1)
Energy use table sustainability

Energy use by function

Energy use by source

Purchased electricity is the main energy source used in our operations. Of the electricity that we consume, 83% came from renewable sources in 2020.

Electricity use

Energy intensity in packaging material production (GRI 302-3)

We monitor the energy intensity of our packaging material operations by measuring the energy used to produce a million standard packages. As shown in the chart above, this indicator has improved steadily over the years as a result of dedicated energy audits and energy efficiency projects at our facilities. In the recent years we see this improvement gradually decrease as most of the main energy saving opportunities have been realized.


Ozone depleting substances

Emissions of ozone depleting substances result from CFCs/HCFCs* leakages. Tetra Pak policy is to replace CFCs, halon and all other substances with high ozone depleting potential with alternative substances that have a lower environmental impact. Since implementing this policy our emissions from ozone depleting substances have dropped to marginal levels.

*CFCs: ChloroFluoroCarbons, HCFC: HydroChloroFluoroCarbons
Ozone depleting substances

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

VOC emissions arise mainly from solvents used in printing inks and, to some extent, from printing plate production at our packaging material converting factories. The data represents total VOC emissions to air, after abatement equipment. It includes both process emissions, stack emissions, as well as fugitive emissions. In order to reduce these emissions, we have been installing Regenerative Thermal Oxidizers (RTOs) at many of our sites. Furthermore, we are continuously innovating our processes to reduce the use of organic solvents in our production.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

VOC emission intensity in packaging material production

The graph shows our VOC emissions per million standard packages produced.
VOC emission intensity in packaging material production


Packaging material production waste

Material waste is measured as the difference between raw material consumed and the packaging material produced. The material waste rate shown here is the factory weighted average waste percentage. The figure shows the steady reduction of packaging material waste over the years. This improvement is driven through our World Class Manufacturing approach.
Packaging material production waste

Management of operational waste

Reported waste covers the handling of all solid waste produced in our production and equipment assembly sites, including production waste and any other types of waste from sites. The chart shows the proportions of waste that is recycled, incinerated either with or without energy recovery, and send to landfill.
Management of operational waste


The data in this section depicts total water withdrawal across the Tetra Pak sites. The amount of water we withdraw is modest; nevertheless, we seek to minimize usage withdrawal as far as possible. Our converting factories account for the largest percentage of water use, followed by those operations that assemble machines and equipment. In order to understand which of our sites are located in water stress areas we have used the WRI Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas tool do the assessment. It is assumed that all water withdrawn for our sites is fresh water. 

Corporate water withdrawal

Water withdrawal by source and water withdrawal from areas with water stress (GRI 303-3)

Water use intensity in packaging material production

In much the same way as we measure energy intensity, we monitor the water used in our carton packaging production sites per million standard packages.
Water use intensity in packaging material production


Management system certification

Tetra Pak goes well beyond legal requirements and applies international environmental standards to ensure that environmental issues and impacts are managed in a systematic way. Certification status at the end of 2020 at our manufacturing sites:

  • ISO 14001: 97% of our factories were certified according to the ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems standard with certification in progress for the remaining 2%.
  • ISO 45001 & OHSAS 18001: In 2020, 97% of Tetra Pak manufacturing sites maintained certification to the global OHS management system standards, either ISO 45001 or OHSAS 18001.
  • ISO 50001: 5 factories are also certified according to ISO 50001 Energy Management Systems standard.


Carton package recycling

We collect recycling data from all markets we operate worldwide. Reported used carton package recycling rate is based on the share of cartons collected and sent for recycling. We use recycling information from public sources when available (e.g. The Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment, Packaging Recovery Organizations, etc.) and also consolidate an internal reporting with inputs from our local recycling teams to make sure to have the broadest possible set of data.
Total volume of recycled beverage cartons and recycling rate